Edo(江戸) Period (A.D.1603-1867)
In 1600, the Battle of Sekigahara(関ヶ原の戦い） took place and Tokugawa Ieyasu(徳川家康）won the battle and became the ruler of Japan and was appointed Seii taishogun in 1603. .
Edo rose in political prominence when it became the seat of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
During the Edo period it became a peaceful time, and the Go-Kaido Road (the five major roads starting from Edo – present day Tokyo), Wakiokan (main roads other than the roads included in the Go-Kaido) and post station towns were improved nationwide for civilian travelers and feudal lords traveling for Sankinkotai (a system during the Edo period which required feudal lords to spend every other year residing in Edo).
Because Edo was placed at the center of politics, many products and cooking methods in areas throughout Japan were gathered there, in addition to the occasions of Sankinkotai (a system under which feudal lords in the Edo period were required to spend every other year in residence in Edo) of daimyo (Japanese feudal lords).
During peaceful Edo period, various culture had occurred such as Kanei culture（寛永文化）, Genroku culture（元禄文化）, Tenmei culture（天明文化）, and Kasei culture（化政文化）.